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Raynal’s Histoire des deux
. colonialism, networks
and global exchanges


Histoire des deux Indes, was arguably the first major example of a world history, exploring the ramifications of European colonialism from a global perspective. Frequently reprinted and translated into many languages, its readers included statesmen, historians, philosophers and writers throughout Europe and North America. Underpinning the encyclopedic scope of the work was an extensive transnational network of correspondents and informants assiduously cultivated by Raynal to obtain the latest expert knowledge. How these networks shaped Raynal’s writing and what they reveal about eighteenth-century intellectual sociability, trade and global interaction is the driving theme of this current volume.
From text-based analyses of the anthropology that structures Raynal’s history of human society to articles that examine new archival material relating to his use of written and oral sources, contributors to this book explore among other topics: 
• how the Histoire created a forum for intellectual interaction and collaboration; 
• how Raynal created and manipulated his own image as a friend to humanity as a promotional strategy; 
• Raynal’s intellectual debts to contemporary economic theorists; 
• the transnational associations of booksellers involved in marketing the Histoire;
• the Histoire’s reception across Europe and North America and its long-lasting influence on colonial historiography and political debate well into the nineteenth century. 


Cecil Courtney and Jenny Mander, Introduction
I. The theme of global exchange in the Histoire des deux Indes
Stéphane Pujol, La logique des échanges dans l’Histoire des deux Indes
Peter Jimack, Coconuts, spice and sugar: indolence, energy and social interaction in the Histoire des deux Indes
Christian Donath, Apostles of the state: legitimate colonisation tactics in the Histoire des deux Indes
Antonella Alimento, Entre rivalité d’émulation et liberté commerciale: la présence de l’école de Gournay dans l’Histoire des deux Indes
Sylvana Tomaselli, On labelling Raynal’s Histoire: reflections on its genre and subject
Daniel Droixhe, Y a-t-il vraiment une ethnologie chez Raynal? L’enfance de l’art américain dans les ‘Deux Indes’ 
Daniel Gordon, Uncivilised civilisation: Raynal and the global public sphere
II. Mediating networks: the making and marketing of the Histoire des deux Indes
Kenta Ohji, Raynal auto-compilateur: le projet d’une histoire politique de l’Europe moderne – des Mémoires historiques à l’Histoire des deux Indes
Gilles Bancarel, Ecriture et information: aux sources du réseau de Raynal
Gianluigi Goggi, La seconde édition de l’Histoire des deux Indes: relations entre libraires et stratégie de lancement dans les annonces des gazettes
Ida Federica Pugliese, From antagonism to a common fate: Guillaume-Thomas Raynal and William Robertson
Susanne Greilich, ‘Et moi suis-je sur des roses?’: l’Histoire des deux Indes entre l’historiographie espagnole, leyenda negra et discours anticolonial
Ursula Haskins Gonthier, The ‘Supplément au journal de Bougainville’: representations of Native Canadians in theHistoire des deux Indes
III. The Histoire des deux Indes and its network of readers
Fredrik Thomasson, Raynal and Sweden: royal propaganda and colonial aspirations
Reinier Salverda, Raynal and Holland: Raynal’s Histoire des deux Indes and Dutch colonialism in the age of Enlightenment
Hans-Jürgen Lüsebrink, Controverses transatlantiques: contenus, enjeux et impact international de la Letter to the abbé Raynal (1782) de Thomas Paine
Jennifer Tsien, Louisiana as a figment of the imagination: Raynal’s reflections on the French American colony
Muriel Collart, L’Histoire des deux Indes et le Dictionnaire universel des sciences de Jean-Baptiste Robinet
Philippe Barthelet, Raynal sous le feu de ses adversaires: l’exemple de Joseph de Maistre
Georges Dulac, Un protestant languedocien admirateur de Raynal: l’Histoire des deux Indes dans le fonds Louis Médard de Lunel


Antonella Alimento, University of Pisa; Gilles Bancarel, Société d’Étude Guillaume-Thomas Raynal, Béziers; Philippe Barthelet; Muriel Collart, Société wallonne d’étude du 18e siècle (SWEDHS); Cecil Courtney, Christ’s College, University of Cambridge; Christian Donath, American University in Cairo; Daniel Droixhe, University of Liège; Georges Dulac, CNRS, Montpellier; Gianluigi Goggi, University of Pisa; Daniel Gordon, University of Massachusetts; Susanne Greilich, University of Regensburg; Ursula Gonthier, University of Birmingham; Peter Jimack, University of Stirling; Hans-Jürgen Lüsebrink, Universität des Saarlandes; Jenny Mander, Newnham College, University of Cambridge; Kenta Ohji, Kyoto University; Ida Pugliese, National University of Ireland, Galway (NUIG); Stéphane Pujol, Université de Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense; Reinier Salverda, University College, London and Fryske Akademy, Leeuwarden; Fredrik Thomasson, Uppsala University; Sylvana Tomaselli, St John’s College Cambridge; Jennifer Tsien, University of Virginia.


Cecil Courtney is Emeritus Reader in French intellectual history and bibliography and Fellow of Christ’s College, University of Cambridge. His research encompasses comparative literature, intellectual history and bibliography. He is currently working on critical editions and bibliographies of Montesquieu, Raynal and the Correspondance générale of Benjamin Constant. 
Jenny Mander is Director of Studies in Modern Languages at Newnham College, University of Cambridge and Senior Lecturer in the Department of French. She has published widely on the history of the European novel and the circulation of ideas between Europe and the colonial world, and also edited Remapping the rise of the European novel (SVEC 2007:10).

Raynal's Histoire des deux Indes. Colonialism, networks and global exchange, Cecil P. Courtney, Jenny Mander (éd.), SVEC 2015:10, October 2015.



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